Nothing is better in life than staying at home with real comfort. But lately, have you ever noticed greenish-black growth on your walls or ceilings? We spend nearly 16 hours a day at home. Do you feel any pungent/musty smell in your room? Did you ever observe that? If so, then your and your family’s health is at great risk. The greenish-black growth on your walls and ceilings happens due to indoor contamination. The Sooner the Indoor contamination is detected, the better it is resolved. According to the World Health Organization ( WHO ), there is consistent evidence for a relation between the damp house conditions and respiratory symptoms among people.
What is dampness, and how are the molds formed on the damp walls?
When excess moisture is present inside the room or a building due to the lack of Proper Sunlight, Ventilation, and Insulation, the water is absorbed in buildings. This occurs due to internal sources like water leaks from bathrooms and toilet pipes, condensation, and external sources like rain and floods. This causes dampness. It supports the growth of bacteria, Insects, and Black molds in materials like rugs, fabric, walls, windows, ceiling tiles, cupboards, wallpapers, carpets, etc., resulting in poor indoor air quality management. Especially living in Bangalore I often face this kind of issue. Waterproofing in Bangalore is a complicated process when done without a proper investigation.
What are the problems that arise due to household molds?
There are lots of health risks associated with dampness and molds in the home. As mold spores are microscopic, reproduce, and grow quickly, it can float in the air, making people inhale easily.
ON MENTAL HEALTH: Mold spores act as irritants, triggering the immune system response. This causes inflammation in the brain leading to long-lasting cognitive impairment. This toxic – mold also endures depression, anxiety, loss of attention, brain fog, and even insomnia, a sleep disorder when you sleep in a moldy room.
ACUTE SYMPTOMS: The most common black mold health effects are mild headache, sore throat, runny nose, watery/red eyes, coughing, sneezing, skin rashes, and fatigue.
CHRONIC SYMPTOMS: Prolonged exposure to molds causes Respiratory problems like Chronic coughing and sneezing, Difficulty in breathing, Asthma attacks, Respiratory infections, Bronchitis, Eczema, persistent headaches, Extremely fatigue, memory loss, and dementia. Who gets easily affected?
Exposure to mold is not healthy for anyone and should be prevented as much as possible. Certain groups of people should be more cautious and take extra precautions to avoid contact with molds because they are susceptible to toxic – mold allergens. According to NHS,
- Babies and children are more vulnerable to molds as they have a low immunity towards fighting bacteria or fungi allergies.
- Senior citizens as have a weak immune system.
- Anyone with Respiratory problems like Allergies, Asthma, Respiratory infections should be careful not to get exposed to the moldy room.
- People with a sluggish immune system will get frequent infections and develop pneumonia if exposed to a moldy environment.
- Sensitive people develop unusual skin infections symptoms with itching and redness and need antibiotics when exposed to moldy place. What can be done to prevent it?
Dampness and molds are the unwelcoming guests to our home, especially in the rainy / winter season. Water leakage is the prime factor that facilitates the growth of molds within 24-48 hours.so, monitoring is the key. We can prevent or control it by following certain habits.
- Opening doors, windows, and curtains for proper sunlight and ventilation.
- Cleaning the carpets, walls, ceilings, or any other objects if we notice a musty and unpleasant odor as it is a sign of mold growth.
- It’s worth checking our home for water leakages under sinks, behind toilets, around washing machines, dishwashers, AC or blockage pipes, which need a quick repair.
- To protect our home interior from water damage, we try waterproofing (also for more information on waterproofing in Chennai visit metrowaterproofingsolution.com)to overcome major dampness and molds issue.
- Periodic Home / Building inspection helps find damp spots and eradicate the mold infestation both indoors and outdoors.
World Health Organization (WHO) has formulated the statement ‘THE RIGHT TO HEALTHY INDOOR AIR,’ and some guidelines for protecting public health. By following specific precautionary measures, we can prevent adverse health effects associated with dampness and molds, thereby improving the optimum indoor air quality.